FarmPolicy

November 21, 2019

Farm Bill; Ag Economy; and, Biofuels

Farm Bill

Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack was a guest on Wednesday’s AgriTalk radio program with Mike Adams where the conversation focused on Farm Bill issues.  An unofficial FarmPolicy.com transcript of the conversation with Sec. Vilsack and Mike Adams is available here.

Sec. Vilsack pointed out that, “Well, I think we have to be realistic about this. If there is no appearance that there’s going to be a deal or if things break down and folks continue to be sort of in their corners and there isn’t a middle ground to be had, then obviously we’re going to have to start working towards and triggering permanent law.

“Some people have suggested that’s going to take a while to implement, but the reality is it’s not that we haven’t been thinking about this at USDA, we have been. We have a pretty good sense of what we would need to do. We’ve reached out to some of the folks, particularly in the dairy industry, to get their views about this. So we would be in a position, in short order—I don’t want to put a timeline on it—but in short order to get something done on the permanent law side.

“But boy, I tell you, that’s not something that I want to do, I’m reasonably certain that’s not anything that anybody in Congress would want to have happen, and I’m sure that no consumer is anxious to see that happen. So hopefully we continue to see progress.”

Sec. Vilsack also noted that, “It’s not just the permanent law issue, it’s also the Brazilian cotton issue, which is a trade dispute that we lost in the WTO, and there are consequences for inaction there. They can begin assessing retaliatory tariffs against many of our products, including exposing some of our intellectual property and destroying the protections that intellectual property has, which would be a first, frankly, in trade discussions, as I understand it.”

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Farm Bill; Ag Economy; and, Biofuels

Farm Bill- Policy Issues

David Rogers reported yesterday at Politico that, “Maybe it’s time to admit that whatever comes out of the great Farm Bill Wars in Congress will be — an experiment.

“Indeed, it’s a whole new world already compared to the last enacted bill in 2008, which passed by veto-proof margins and was helped along then by added money for nutrition and continued direct cash payments to farmers.

This time the mandate is entirely different: requiring a major rewrite of the commodity title while also tackling food stamps — all in the name of reform and deficit reduction.”

“So why is it so hard?” Mr. Rogers asked, “One big reason is that everyone seems to have underestimated the challenge of replacing the current system of direct cash payments that’s been the backbone of the commodity title since 1996.”

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Sec. Vilsack Discusses Farm Bill

Categories: Farm Bill

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack says that the farm bill – either passing or not – sends a message to the rest of the country about governing. He discusses the bill, Hillary Clinton and Gov. Chris Christie in this episode of Capital Download with Susan Page.

Update: See also this related article by Susan Page.

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Farm Bill; Ag Economy (Biofuels); and, Immigration

Farm Bill Issues

Mary Kay Thatcher, the Senior Director of Congressional Relations for the American Farm Bureau Federation, was a guest on yesterday’s AgriTalk radio program with Mike Adams where the discussion focused on the Farm Bill.  An unofficial FarmPolicy.com transcript of yesterday’s discussion is available here.

Ms. Thatcher pointed out that, “I was hoping that we could have some good news to share this morning, but I think we’re going to continue to work at it. Staff’s up there working hard today, even though the members aren’t around, and the four principals are presumably still having some kind of conference call to further discuss it today. So we still have some hope that, indeed, by the end of the year or by the middle of January, when we have this budget bill, that we can have it done, but we aren’t there today, and I can’t even tell you exactly what progress has been made.”

In a related update, Erik Wasson reported yesterday at The Hill’s On the Money Blog that, “The top leaders of the House-Senate farm bill conference committee plan to hold a pivotal conference call on Monday.

“Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) and Rep. Frank Lucas (R-Okla.), the respective heads of the Senate and House Agriculture committees, and the committees’ ranking members Sen. Thad Cochran (R-Miss.) and Rep. Collin Peterson (D-Minn.) will join the negotiating session.

“The ‘big four’ leaders are still trying to hammer out a farm bill deal in order to move the $1 trillion agriculture subsidy, crop insurance and food stamp bill on the House and Senate floor in December.”

And, Mr. Wasson tweeted yesterday evening that, “Conf call by 4 #farmbill lead negotiators happened. Process continues w/ no resolution yet

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Farm Bill; Biofuels- Ag Economy; and, Immigration

Farm Bill Issues

Ron Hays, of The Oklahoma Farm Report and Radio Oklahoma Network, spoke on Friday with House Ag Committee Chairman Frank Lucas (R., Okla.) about the Farm Bill and farm policy variables.

An audio replay and summary of the Chairman’s remarks from Friday can be found here, while an unofficial FarmPolicy.com transcript of the conversation with Ron Hays and Chairman Lucas is available here.

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Farm Bill; Ag Economy; and, Immigration

Farm Bill – Policy Issues

David Rogers reported yesterday at Politico that, “Farm bill talks stumbled badly Thursday and House Agriculture Committee Chairman Frank Lucas (R-Okla.) said it would be ‘very challenging’ now for him to meet the Republican leadership’s schedule of having a final agreement back on the House floor by Dec. 13.

“The Oklahoma Republican had been pressing hard for some framework of a deal before the Thanksgiving recess. But after three face-to-face meetings between House and Senate negotiators in less than 24 hours, the upshot seemed more a picture of frustration.

“‘Anything is possible but it is very challenging,’ Lucas said. He added that it was a ‘fair assessment’ that he had not made the progress he had hoped for this week.”

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Farm Bill; Ag Economy; Biofuels; Budget; CFTC; and, Water Measure

Farm Bill

David Rogers reported yesterday at Politico that, “Farm bill talks intensified Wednesday night even as a new report showed that food stamp expenditures are already beginning to fall as a share of the economy — a downward decline that’s expected to accelerate over the next five years.

“Further cuts from food stamps are a major dividing point in the farm bill negotiations now, but there is growing pressure to try to reach a deal in the next few days on both the nutrition and commodity titles.

“The top four members of the House and Senate Agriculture Committees met for almost 90 minutes Wednesday evening behind closed doors with staff. Further discussions are expected Thursday morning, and House Chairman Frank Lucas (R-Okla.) held out the possibility of more meetings Friday depending on what progress is being made.”

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Farm Bill Issues

Categories: Farm Bill

David Rogers reported yesterday at Politico that, “Falling corn prices are making themselves felt in House-Senate farm bill talks.”

“December 2013 corn futures fell Monday to a new low of $4.12 per bushel at the Chicago Board of Trade. This caps a summer-long slide aggravated most recently by the Environmental Protection Agency’s plans to lower ethanol targets for 2014. And it’s now very likely that corn will qualify for assistance next year under the new revenue-protection program that is the mainstay of the Senate’s commodity title,” the Politico article said.

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Farm Bill- Budget; Biofuels; and, the Ag Economy

Farm Bill- Budget Issues

Chris Clayton reported yesterday at the DTN Ag Policy Blog that, “Farmers in parts of the northern and eastern Corn Belt would be collecting Price Loss Coverage payments on their corn crops this week IF the House version of the farm bill were in place.

“DTN’s market tracker shows corn for delivery selling as low as $3.17 a bushel in northeast Montana. Cash prices in several states show farmers would be receiving a target-price check for corn.”

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Biofuels; Ag Economy; and, the Farm Bill

Biofuels: EPA- RFS (Renewable Fuel Standard)

Gregory Meyer reported on Friday at The Financial Times Online that, “The Obama administration has formally moved to put the brakes on US biofuels as it juggles conflicting pressures from two of the most powerful lobbies in Washington.

“Its proposal to trim a statutory ethanol blending mandate for the first time drew the threat of a lawsuit from the renewable fuels industry, and complaints from the oil lobby that the measure did not go far enough.”

Mr. Meyer noted that, “The rule unveiled for public comment on Friday by the Environmental Protection Agency [proposed rule, fact sheet, news release] called for 15.21bn gallons to be blended into the motor fuel supply in 2014, 16 per cent lower than the 18.15bn gallons under the renewable fuels law passed in 2007. It is a significant reversal for the agency, which just a year ago upheld the mandate in the face of protests from several state governors.”

The FT article indicated that, “‘As a result, we are now at the ‘E10 blend wall,’ the point at which the E10 fuel pool is saturated with ethanol,’ the EPA said.”

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Rep. Loebsack Reacts to EPA’s RFS Announcement

Categories: Ethanol

From The Des Moines Register (Nov. 16)- “Rep. Dave Loebsack [D, Iowa] reacts to the RFS decision: ‘It is clear that this Administration has done a complete 180 on their support for biofuels.'”

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Farm Bill; and, the Ag Economy

Farm Bill

Erik Wasson and Russell Berman reported yesterday at The Hill’s On the Money Blog that, “Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) on Thursday said he does not believe the deficit savings in a 2013 farm bill should be used to reach a year-end budget deal replacing the sequester.

“The farm bill being negotiated between the House and the Senate could contain as much as $51 billion in savings over 10 years. That could go a long way toward replacing the $91 billion in automatic agency budget cuts in fiscal 2014, prompting speculation that a budget deal could midwife the enactment of the farm bill.

“But Boehner said he has told Rep. Paul Ryan (Wis.), the lead budget negotiator for House Republicans, not to look to the farm bill for savings.”

The Hill update noted that, “‘I think it’s a separate issue, and I’ve made it very clear to Chairman Ryan,’ Boehner said at his weekly press conference.”

(Note that related audio clips from yesterday’s press conference with the Speaker can be heard here (MP3- 0:23) and here (MP3- 0:19).

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Farm Bill; Trade; Budget; Biofuels; and, Immigration

Farm Bill

During a radio interview yesterday with J. Doug Williams (K-101-FM radio, Woodward, Okla.), House Agriculture Committee Chairman Frank Lucas (R., Okla.) indicated that, “And I am in the process, with my senior colleagues on the House side on the Ag Committee, to try to negotiate out the differences between us and the Senate. There are three big areas of difference, and in reverse order, food stamps. The Senate wants to save about $4 billion by basically making the Northeastern states that use food stamps to help pay for their citizens’ home heating oil to stay warm in the wintertime to pay more.”

The Senate essentially just doesn’t want to make any changes in food stamps. The House wants to do ten times as much, so working that out is going to be tough,” the Chairman added.

Chairman Lucas pointed out that, “The second area is the dairy program. The House leadership doesn’t want to do supply management, which makes the dairy insurance work better. The Senate insists on that. That’s a philosophical issue about supply management by the federal government.

And the biggest area, the one that matters probably the most, generally, to our listeners, is the commodity title. The Senate wants to do…they’ve finally come around to the fact that you have to have a safety net that works not just for the Midwest, but for everybody else. They want a program by which, when you sign up for five years, you’re automatically covered under either version of the safety net.

The problem is, when you take the responsibility out, you also reduce the quality of the safety net. The House perspective is we’re big boys and girls, we can make big decisions, let’s give people a choice between which way they go, let them choose for the five years. If they make the right decision, then the safety net will be stronger. If they make the wrong decision, well, they made the decision they made. So that’s a difference right now. And those are the three big things holding us up.”

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Ag Economy; Biotech; CFTC; Farm Bill; Immigration; and, Regulations

Agricultural Economy

Cheri Zagurski and Emily Unglesbee reported yesterday at DTN (link requires subscription) that, “Corn harvest progressed by 11 percentage points during the week ended Nov. 10, according to USDA’s latest crop progress report.

Eighty-four percent of the nation’s corn is in the bin, compared to 73% last week and a five-year average of 79%.”

The DTN article added that, “Soybean harvest advanced by five percentage points in the same week. Ninety-one percent of the nation’s crop has been cut, compared to 86% last week and a five-year average of 92%.”

Dar Danielson noted yesterday at RadioIowa Online that, “Iowa farmers are rushing to complete the corn and soybean harvest before winter sets in for good.”

Meanwhile, University of Illinois Agricultural Economist Gary Schnitkey indicated yesterday at the farmdoc daily blog (“Break-Even Soybean Prices: History and Projections”) that, “For farmland that is cash rented near average rent levels, break-even soybean prices have increased from near $5.00 per bushel in 2004 to around $10.70 per bushel in 2013 and 2014.   Break-even prices near $10.70 will cause losses when soybean prices are below $10.70. Prices being below break-even prices are possible over the next several years.”

Tony C. Dreibus reported yesterday at The Wall Street Journal Online that, “Soybeans rose for the fifth straight session on signs of strong demand for U.S. inventories…[C]hicago Board of Trade soybean futures for November delivery gained 11 cents, or 0.8%, to $13.19 a bushel.”

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Biofuels; Ag Economy; Farm Bill; Budget; and, Immigration

Biofuels

Darren Goode reported yesterday at Politico that, “The Obama administration may be about to hand the oil industry a major victory by reducing the federal requirement for blending ethanol into fuel — a decision with big implications for farm-state politics, food prices and the nation’s energy markets.

“As early as Tuesday, the Environmental Protection Agency is expected to announce how many billions of gallons of ethanol it will require refiners to blend into gasoline and diesel fuel in 2014. If it sticks with a draft version that leaked in October, the agency will lower the amount to 2012 levels.”

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Farm Bill; Budget; Ag Economy; and, Biofuels

Farm Bill: Executive Branch Perspective

During a speech on Friday in New Orleans, President Obama indicated that, “So helping American businesses grow; creating more jobs — these are not Democratic or Republican priorities. They are priorities that everybody, regardless of party, should be able to get behind. And that’s why, in addition to working with Congress to grow our exports, I’ve put forward additional ideas where I believe Democrats and Republicans can join together to make progress right now.

Number one, Congress needs to pass a farm bill that helps rural communities grow and protects vulnerable Americans. For decades, Congress found a way to compromise and pass farm bills without fuss. For some reason, now Congress can’t even get that done. Now, this is not something that just benefits farmers. Ports like this one depend on all the products coming down the Mississippi. So let’s do the right thing, pass a farm bill. We can start selling more products. That’s more business for this port. And that means more jobs right here.”

And Michael D. Shear reported in Saturday’s New York Times that, “There are regular West Wing meetings on transportation, college affordability and a new farm bill.”

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