FarmPolicy

November 21, 2019

Sunday Recap: West Coast Ports; Trade; Dietary Guidelines; Ag Economy; and, Policy Issues

West Coast Ports

A tentative agreement on the West Coast port dispute was reached on Friday, while articles on Saturday cautioned, “that the new contract won’t immediately resolve the delays.” Some lawmakers also weighed in on the developments expressing relief and a need for quick implementation of the agreement. A recap of news from Friday and Saturday can be found here at FarmPolicy.com.

The cautionary tone was amplified in an article by Tiffany Hsu, Andrew Khouri and Peter Jamison on the front page of Sunday’s Los Angeles Times titled, “Despite West Coast ports’ labor deal, normality not yet on horizon.” The writers indicated that, “West Coast ports are emerging from the most contentious labor dispute in more than a decade, but lingering resentment and structural problems may complicate a return to normality.”

For more, see this FarmPolicy.com update.

Trade Issues

President Obama used his weekly address on Saturday to call on Congress to pass Trade Promotion Authority (TPA).

While The Wall Street Journal reported on Saturday that “House and Senate negotiators are converging on a deal” regarding TPA- more details at FarmPolicy.com.

A news release on Friday from U.S. Wheat Associates indicated that, “Several influential countries are not complying with the domestic agricultural support commitments they made as members of the World Trade Organization (WTO). That is the conclusion of a study sponsored by U.S. commodity organizations and introduced to agricultural negotiators Wednesday, Feb. 18, 2015, in Geneva, Switzerland. Those organizations made the point that recognizing the current realities in agricultural support and trade could help improve the chances of finally reaching a Doha Round agreement.

“The study was conducted by DTB Associates, Washington, DC, and updates a similar study conducted in 2011. U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) was one of the sponsors of the latest study indicating that the governments of India, China, Turkey, Brazil and Thailand have dramatically increased trade distorting subsidies for wheat, corn or rice production over the past ten years to levels that exceed their WTO agreements — in most cases by large margins. That information has not been readily available to WTO negotiators.”

The news release noted that, “For more information, visit www.dtbassociates.com/docs/DomesticSupportStudy11-2014.pdf and www.dtbassociates.com/docs/domesticsupportstudy.pdf.”

And Democrat Leader Nancy Pelosi (Calif.), along with several House Democrats, including Collin Peterson (Minn.), just concluded a trip to Cuba, for more on this trip and Cuba issues, see this FarmPolicy update.

Dietary Guidelines

Following Thursday’s release of dietary guidelines from a government advisory committee, reactions from lawmakers and other interested parties have been publicized, including different views from former United States Deputy Secretary of Agriculture Kathleen Merrigan and American Farm Bureau Federation President Bob Stallman on the “sustainability” aspect of the guidelines.

The South Dakota congressional delegation also “expressed their concern about the misleading and inconsistent guidelines on meat consumption in the report.”

More details here, at FarmPolicy.com.

Agricultural Economy

News articles and reports highlighting aspects of the U.S. agricultural economy can be found in this update on Saturday at FarmPolicy.com.

And news release on Friday from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations stated that, “The model of agricultural production that predominates today is not suitable for the new food security challenges of the 21st century, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said today.”

The release added that, “Agriculture has a potentially large role to play not only in guaranteeing food security but also in building resilience to the affects of climate change and in reducing humankind’s emissions of global warming gases, according to the FAO Director-General.

“‘The impacts of climate change are no longer an anticipated threat. They are now a crystal-clear reality right before our eyes,’ he warned, adding: ‘Climate change will not only affect food production but also the availability of food and the stability of supplies. And in a global, interdependent economy, climate change makes the global market for agricultural products less predictable and more volatile.’”

Policy Issues

The House Ag Committee will hold hearings this week on Wednesday and Thursday regarding Farm Bill nutrition issues; while, on Tuesday, the Senate Ag Committee will hold a hearing on Farm Bill implementation and hear testimony from Sec. of Ag. Tom Vilsack.

Sec. Vilsack is also scheduled to appear on Wednesday at the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture.

Recall that earlier this month, the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Ag heard from USDA Inspector General Phyllis Fong.

Meanwhile, Tom Steever reported on Friday at Brownfield that, “The Chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee says cutting crop insurance subsidies is a non-starter, but the Kansas Republican also expresses the need to convince detractors that the risk management tool has value.

“Senator Pat Roberts says there are people who believe that crop insurance subsidies should be reformed, which he says is the nice way to describe a cut.

“‘Usually they want the money for something else,’ Roberts told Brownfield Ag News at the Western Farm Show in Kansas City Friday, ‘either that or they just do not feel that farmers ought to have subsidized crop insurance.’”

Mr. Steever added that, “Roberts says Obama budget writers see crop insurance subsidies as low hanging fruit where money can be saved.

“‘We’re determined to educate these folks to the value of crop insurance; that’s going to be an ongoing effort, but that’s the way it’s been for years,’ said Roberts.  ‘We’re going to put that down as a top priority.’”

And Ron Nixon reported in Saturday’s New York Times that, “To understand America’s fragmented food safety inspection system, consider a slice of frozen pizza. The pepperoni is examined by the Agriculture Department, the cheese and tomato sauce by the Food and Drug Administration, each agency using its own methods for inspecting and testing.

“If someone gets ill sampling that slice’s tasty goodness, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention might sound the alarm, but it would fall to the F.D.A. to pressure the pizza maker for a recall.

The Obama administration wants a single new agency to sweep all that away: the Food Safety Administration, a colossus that would be housed within the Department of Health and Human Services to ‘provide focused, centralized leadership, a primary voice on food safety standards and compliance with those standards,’ the administration said in its new budget request.”

Keith Good

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