February 20, 2020

C.A.R.D. Report: "Should Area Revenue Coverage Be Offered through the Farm Bill or as a Crop Insurance Program?"

I. C.A.R.D. Report
II. Ethanol

I. C.A.R.D. Report

The Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University recently released a report entitled, “Get a GRIP: Should Area Revenue Coverage Be Offered through the Farm Bill or as a Crop Insurance Program?” which was written by Nicholas Paulson and Bruce A. Babcock.

In the report’s abstract, the authors indicated that, “The successful expansion of the U.S. crop insurance program has not eliminated ad hoc disaster assistance. An alternative currently being explored by members of Congress and others in preparation of the 2007 farm bill is to simply remove the ‘ad hoc’ part of disaster assistance programs by creating a standing program that would automatically funnel aid to hard-hit regions and crops. One form [of] such a program [c]an be found in the area yield and area revenue insurance programs currently offered by the U.S. crop insurance program. The Group Risk Plan (GRP) and Group Risk Income Protection (GRIP) programs automatically trigger payments when county yields or revenues, respectively, fall below a producer-elected coverage level. The per-acre taxpayer costs of offering GRIP in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa for corn and soybeans through the crop insurance program are estimated. These results are used to determine the amount of area revenue coverage that could be offered to farmers as part of a standing farm bill disaster program. Approximately 55% of taxpayer support for GRIP flows to the crop insurance industry. A significant portion of this support comes in the form of net underwriting gains. The expected rate of return on money put at risk by private crop insurance companies under the current Standard Reinsurance Agreement is approximately 100%. Taking this industry support and adding in the taxpayer support for GRIP that flows to producers would fund a county target revenue program at the 93% coverage level.”

Although droughts do not have the visual impact of other natural disasters, the damage they cause is devastating (Photo B.B.C.).

The report noted that, “By almost any measure, the drive to induce farmers to increase their purchase of crop insurance through increased premium subsidies and support for the crop insurance industry has been a resounding success. Over 80% of insurable crop acreage was enrolled in the program in 2005, and more than half of those acres were insured at coverage levels of 70% or higher. Total liability for the 2006 crop year was approximately $50 billion. Despite this success, Congress once again seems poised to pass another disaster assistance program in 2007” (page one).